Design Strategy

A design strategy that may be employed when developing a design is to investigate how the design might look if it would be created by:

Design development by addition, wastage, bending etc
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Adding material

The climbing frame clearly illustrates how a product can be made by fixing a number of parts together.

The "Angel of the North" sculture was made by welding curved steel plates and flat bar together to form a massive rigid structure.

Climbing frame
Angel of the North

Removing material

The countersink and the chess pieces illustrate how products can be created by removing material from the original piece. Most of the material was removed from the steel bar and from the original pieces of wood using a lathe.

Other machine tools that remove material include saws, drills, milling machines, grinding machines and laser cutters.

Chess pieces

Bending material

Bending processes include both hot and cold forming of metals and plastics using hammers, rollers and press tools.

The process of bending wood often involves steaming timber to soften it, then clamping it in a former that bends the timber into the required shape. When the timber has cooled and dried in the former, it stays in the bent shape.

Flower bed rails
Paper punch

Reforming material

The plastic cup was made be injection moulding plastic granules whilst the bronze sculpture was made by pouring molten bronze into a mould.

Reforming involves softening a resistant material and then pouring it or forcing it into a mould. Reforming processes include compression moulding, injection and extruding processes, pultrusion processes, vacuum forming, blow moulding and calendering.

Plastic cup
Bronze bust

Rearranging material or parts

The laminated wood tray illustrates how timber may be cut into veneers and glued together again in a mould under heat and great pressure.

Other familiar products that have been created by cutting up material and then joining them again include manufactured boards such as oriented strand board, (OSB) chip board, medium density fibreboard (MDF) and block board.



Laminated wood try

Design development directory

Copyright Laszlo Lipot.